The European Union is taking a turn in the development policy – the prevention of migration gains towards poverty reduction increasingly important. In future, pooling their money in larger pots feed the Member States. Oxfam sees the danger of mixing with commercial interests.
On Thursday, the European Union presented the guidelines for the common development policy the next 15 years in Brussels. The statements by the High Representative for Foreign and Security Policy, Federica Mogherini, pointed to a fundamental change in the development work. “I recognize a growing understanding of the EU member states to integrate aspects of non-traditional development issues such as migration and security in development policy,” she said, according to the EU observer.
They went also explicitly on the issue of migration. “We need to approach the reasons for migration. The management of migration flows is a good thing. “According Mogherini exists among member countries very much in agreement with regard to the changed alignment.
In future it will be consolidated into larger pools the financial contributions. From now on joint programs would be the norm, Mogherini is quoted. It would be for the Member States often provide better “half of the cake” as several small pieces. For many states it is also to be welcomed, if private organizations would participate more in EU programs. In this way, the budget of development aid could be increased by ten to fifteen times, said Development Commissioner Neven Mimica. Critics, however, were concerned that this could make a greater commercialization of cooperation with poor countries feed.
Last year, the EU issued approximately 0.47 percent of their gross national income for development projects. Actually we had agreed to implement by 2015 a rate of 0.7 percent. This objective was recently postponed until 2030th
The realignment has met with non-governmental organizations and parliamentarians to criticism. “We see an increasing blurring of the boundaries between development cooperation and security projects in the EU development policy,” said a spokeswoman for the British development association Oxfam. “This is contrary to the Treaty of Lisbon, which is called as a primary objective of development cooperation the eradication of poverty.”
Feared is also that the intended management of migration flows will lead to increased financial support of autocratic regimes such as in Eritrea or Sudan, against which actually flee many people only.
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